||Declaration of Hernando Barrado, 1582
||Bolton, Herbert Eugene (editor). Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542-1706. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1916). Pages 151-153.
||5 / 0
Hernando Barrado was one of the soldiers accompanying the expedition
led by Brother (Fray) Agustín Rodríguez in 1581-1582. Francisco
Sanchez Chamuscado commanded the detachment of soldiers.
Rodríguez Expedition of 1581-1582
Forty years after Coronado’s unsuccessful attempt to discover the
golden kingdom of Quivira, a new expedition formed. In 1581, the
Spanish colonial viceroy decided to send Roman Catholic missionaries
accompanied by soldiers to colonize the Native American pueblos
of northern New Spain (New Mexico). This change made missionaries
the principal agents for exploration of new lands and pacification
of Native Americans. Led by Fray Agustín Rodríguez, two other missionaries
and nine soldiers opened a trail along the upper Rio Grande into
the Pueblo region of New Mexico. Their expedition sought to explore
the region where Coronado reported many large settlements of people
who raised cotton and food.
The expedition began June 5, 1581, from Santa Bárbara, Mexico.
It proceeded north along the Conchos River to the Rio Grande and
then northwest along the Rio Grande to central New Mexico. Francisco
Sanchez Chamuscado commanded the soldiers, and two soldiers, Phelipe
de Escalante and Hernando Barrado, wrote the expedition accounts.
Barrado and de Escalante’s report urges royal colonization of the
region (because only the Spanish crown could license any exploration
or colonial missions). Led by Fray Rodríguez, the expedition explored
areas around present-day Albuquerque and Santa Fe. Escalante and
Barrado described the expedition’s route and the Native Americans
encountered on their travels. They describe the pueblo homes and
villages, Native American clothing and food, and wildlife. Their
report includes interactions between the expedition party and Native
Americans and the results of their assay of mine prospects. One
missionary was killed by the Tano on the way north. Chamuscado returned
with his soldiers to Mexico, leaving Fray Rodríguez and another
missionary at the Puruay pueblo. The two were martyred by the Tiwa
by the time another expedition (Antonio de Espejo) returned to retrieve
Barrado prepared this account in September or October 1583. The
original document is in the Archivo de Indias in Seville, Spain.
It was published in Spanish in Pacheco and Cárdenas, Colección
de Documentos Inéditos, XV (Madrid, 1864-1884). The first English
translation was published in Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish
Exploration in the Southwest, 1542-1706 (New York: Charles Scribner’s
Other Internet and Reference Sources
Aleman, Blanca and Rebecca Blancarte, “America’s First
Highway: El Camino Real.” Borderlands: An El Paso Community
College Local History Project.
Long, Christopher. "Rodríguez, Agustín." The Handbook of Texas