||Brief and True Account of the Exploration of New Mexico
||Bolton, Herbert Eugene (editor). Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542-1706. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1916). Pages 154-157.
||6 / 0
Phelipe de Escalante and Hernando Barrado were Spanish soldiers
in the Rodríguez expedition from April 1581 to April 1582.
Escalante and Barrado prepared this account in September or October
1583 to encourage Spanish King Phillip II to promote Spanish settlement
in New Mexico.
Spanish policy in the late sixteenth century made missionaries
the principal agents for exploration of new lands and pacification
of Native Americans. Upon hearing a report about a country north
of Santa Bárbara, Mexico, where large settlements of people raised
cotton and food, the Franciscan lay brother Agustín Rodríguez organized
an expedition to convert the residents of the settlements. The expedition
party consisted of three friars, nine soldiers, and several Native
American servants. One friar was killed during the journey; the
others were killed after the soldiers had returned to Mexico leaving
the missionaries and servants behind.
Rodríguez Expedition of 1581-1582
The expedition began June 5, 1581, from Santa Bárbara, Mexico.
It proceeded north along the Conchos River to the Rio Grande and
then northwest along the Rio Grande to central New Mexico. The
expedition explored areas around present-day Albuquerque and
Santa Fe. They returned to Santa Bárbara, Mexico, April 15,
The original document is in the Archivo de Indias in Seville, Spain.
It was published in Spanish in Pacheco and Cárdenas, Colección
de Documentos Inéditos, XV (Madrid, 1864-1884). The first English
translation was published in Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish
Exploration in the Southwest, 1542-1706 (New York: Charles Scribner’s
Other Internet Reference Sources
Aleman, Blanca and Rebecca Blancarte. “America’s First
Highway: El Camino Real.” Borderlands: An El Paso Community
College Local History Project.
Long, Christopher. "Rodríguez, Agustín." The Handbook
of Texas Online.