||Report of the Viceroy to the King
||Bolton, Herbert Eugene (editor). Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542-1706. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1916). Pages 158-160.
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Born into a wealthy and distinguished family, Don Lorenso Suárez
de Mendoza (ca. 1540-?) became the viceroy of New Spain, 1580-1583.
Mendoza and Marques de la Coruña wrote this account to King Phillip
II in June 1583.
Rodríguez Expedition of 1581-1582
The expedition began June 5, 1581, in Santa Bárbara, Mexico. It
followed the Conchos River north to the Rio Grande and then along
the Rio Grande northwest to central New Mexico. The expedition explored
the pueblos and Indian villages around present-day Albuquerque and
Santa Fe. One friar was killed during the journey; the other two
missionaries left behind at Puaray pueblo were killed after the
soldiers and servants had returned to Mexico.
This report summarizes the purpose of the expedition, its findings,
and the viceroy’s response to the reports of the conditions in New
Mexico and the deaths of the friars. Accompanying the report were
the depositions of soldiers in the expedition party and a report
from an officer concerning what would be necessary for a future
military expedition into the area. On April 19, 1583, Spanish King
Phillip II authorized the viceroy to select a governor to explore,
pacify, and colonize the new lands. Juan de Oñate eventually received
the royal contract to explore and settle New Mexico (see documents
AJ-010 to AJ-015 and AJ-101 to AJ-105).
The report is dated November 1, 1582. The original is in the Archivo
de Indias in Seville, Spain. It was published in Spanish in Pacheco
and Cárdenas, Colección de Documentos Inéditos, XV (Madrid,
1864-1884). The first English translation was published in Herbert
Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542-1706
(New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1916).
Other Internet and Reference Sources
Aleman, Blanca and Rebecca Blancarte. “America’s First
Highway: El Camino Real.” Borderlands: An El Paso Community
College Local History Project.
Long, Christopher, “Rodríguez, Agustín.” The Handbook
of Texas Online.