||Bosque, Fernando del
||Diary of Fernando del Bosque
||Bolton, Herbert Eugene (editor). Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542-1706. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1916). Pages 283-309.
||29 / 0
Little is known about Fernando del Bosque other than that he was
a soldier and the lieutenant governor of the province of Coahuila.
Bosque-Larios Expedition of 1675
Fernando del Bosque mounted an expedition in 1675 to explore
lands north of the Rio Grande, convert the Indians to
Christianity, and take possession of the region for Spain. The
expedition started April 30, 1675, from Guadalupe near Monclova,
Mexico. Bosque proceeded north and crossed the Salado River near
Sabinas. From there the expedition continued to the Rio Grande,
crossed it, and advanced to San Pablo, which was probably in
present-day Edwards County, Texas.
The Bosque-Larios expedition is the first authenticated
missionary expedition to cross the Rio Grande from the south at
any point below the Pecos River and to travel into Texas. This
diary describes the route of the expedition, the names that
Bosque assigned to settlements and rivers, the geography of
these sites, and the distances between them. Bosque also
describes the Native Americans that lived north of the Rio
Grande and the wildlife the party encountered, including fish,
trees and plants, and buffalo. The party returned to Guadelupe
in June 1675. As a result of the reports and recommendations of
Bosque and Father Larios, the Spanish established several
missions in the Coahuila district to serve Native Americans
living near the Rio Grande.
The original copy of this diary is in the Archivo de la Secretaría
de Gobierno del Estado de Coahuila in Saltillo, Mexico. It was printed
in Spanish in Esteban L. Portillo, Apuntes para la Historia
Antigua de Coahuila y Texas (1888). This English translation
is from Herbert Eugene Bolton, ed., Spanish Exploration in the
Southwest, 1542-1706 (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1916).
Other Internet and Reference Sources
Chipman, Donald E. "Bosque, Fernando del." The Handbook of Texas