||Kino, Eusebio Francisco, 1644-1711
||Report and Relation of the New Conversions, 1710
||Bolton, Herbert Eugene (editor). Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542-1706. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1916). Pages 427-464.
||40 / 0
Father Eusebio Francisco Kino (1644-1711) grew up along the border of Austria,
Italy, and Bavaria. At university he distinguished himself in
mathematics but decided to become a missionary at age
twenty-five. Kino arrived in Mexico in 1681, and within two
years joined an expedition to attempt the conquest and
conversion of Native Americans in California. When this
enterprise failed, he returned to Mexico. He died in Magdalena
Kino Expedition to Pimería Alta, 1687
After the failed California mission, Kino was sent to Pimería
Alta in 1687 to establish the mission of Nuestra Señora de los
Dolores, in the valley of the San Miguel River, about a hundred
miles south of modern Tucson, Arizona. Over the next twenty-four
years, Kino made more than forty expeditions through the
Southwest, established twenty-four missions, and carried his
missionary work to Arizona, California, and northern Mexico.
This report is part five of Kino’s history of his life’s work.
It is divided into four books and an epilogue. In book one, Kino
explains that he is writing in response to requests from others
that he describe his experiences. He begins book two by placing
his missionary work within the context of two centuries of Spanish
exploration and conquest of North America and briefly describes
the unsuccessful California expedition of 1681-1685 in which he
took part. Then he provides a survey of his travels and missionary
work in Pimería Alta, including descriptions of specific incidents
and conversions. In book three, Kino identifies the benefits to
the Spanish crown by conducting missions and religious conversions
in the territories he explored. In book four, he details the natural
resources and peoples of Pimería Alta.
Kino wrote this report in February 1710, near the end of his life.
It is part of a longer history of his work and that of his companions
between 1687 and 1710. The title of that longer history is Favores
Celestiales de Jesus y de María SSma y del Gloriosissimo Apostol
de las Yndias. Its manuscript is in the Archivo General y Público
in Mexico. This English translation is from Herbert Eugene Bolton,
ed., Spanish Exploration in the Southwest, 1542-1706 (New
York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1916).
Other Internet and Reference Sources
University of Arizona Libraries. “Religion: Missionaries to Mormons.”
Southwestern Wonderland. http://www.library.arizona.edu/branches/spc/pams/relig.html
Polzer, Charles. A Kino Guide: His Missions—His Monuments
(Tucson, Arizona: Southwestern Mission Research Center, 1968).
Smith, Fay Jackson, John L. Kessell, and Francis Fox. Father
Kino in Arizona (Phoenix, Arizona: Arizona Historical Foundation,