||Mendoza, Antonio de, 1492?-1552
||A Letter Written by the Most Honorable Lord Don Antonio de Mendoza, Vice-Roy of Nueva Espanna, to the Emperors Maiestie
||Bandalier, Adolph Francis (editor). The Journey of Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca and His Companions from Florida to the Pacific 1528-1536. Translated from His Own Narrative by Fanny Bandelier. (New York: A.S. Barnes & Company, 1905). Pages 195-202.
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Antonio de Mendoza was viceroy of New Spain in Mexico from
1535 to 1549. He was born in Granada, Spain, about 1480, and
died while still in the service of the Spanish Empire in Lima,
Peru in 1552. A forward-thinking man, interested in education,
he brought the first printing press to Mexico in 1535. Eager for
the exploration and expansion of New Spain to continue, he was
responsible for sending out the expeditions of Marco (see
Coronado (see AJ-086), Ulloa (see AJ-113), and Cabrillo (see
The Expedition, 1539
When Cabeza de Vaca arrived in Mexico City in 1536, his
reports of the lands north of the Spanish settlements piqued the
Spanish authorities’ interest (see AJ-070). In this brief
document written from Mexico in October 1539, Mendoza informs
the King of Spain that he has sent Father Marco northward to
investigate Cabeza de Vaca’s report and find traces of the famed
Cibola, rumored to be filled with gold.
The original of this document is lost, but it was published
in Richard Hakluyt’s Divers voyages touching the discovery of
America and the islands adjacents, collected and published by
Richard Hakluyt in the year 1582. The present document is
taken from The Journey of Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca and His
Companions... translated by Fanny Bandelier (New York: A.S.
Barnes & Company, 1905).
Other Internet and Reference Sources
A useful timeline of the years 1527-1547 that shows the
relationships between the travels of Narvaez, Cabeza da Vaca,
DeSoto, Ulloa, and Coronado is available from the University of
The Estavanico Society, which maintains a web site devoted to
the African explorer who accompanied Cabeza de Vaca and later
Marco, has much background information at
Antonio de Mendoza, first viceroy of New Spain, by Arthur
Scott Aiton (Durham, N.C., Duke university press, 1927) remains
the standard English-language biography.
Viceroy Mendoza’s instructions to Marco are printed in
Narratives of the Coronado Expedition, 1540-1542 edited and
translated by George P. Hammond and Agapito Rey (Albuquerque,
The University of New Mexico Press, 1940) along with other